Smart City KPIs: Climate Change, Resilience and Sustainability

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By 2020, half of all the smart city objectives will include climate change, resilience and sustainability key performance indicators (KPIs), according to Gartner.

Cities are defining new objectives and placing them into tangible programs, which create measurable outcomes that meet the targets agreed upon at the COP 21 in Paris to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

With the Horizon 2020 goals of energy efficiency, carbon-emission reductions and renewable energy in mind, many cities have launched energy sustainability, resource management, social inclusion and community prosperity initiativesBettina Tratz-Ryan, Gartner research vice president

Urban Mobility Drives Sustainability Targets

Major cities have adopted traffic and mobility objectives to resolve or mitigate the traffic congestion issue with IoT-enabled smart-city solutions, but urban mobility doesn’t stop at a seamless choice that consist of moving from A to B.

Sensors have become a critical element in the execution of climate change goals and are at the heart of smart cities. Gartner projected that in 2017, around 380 million connected things will be in use in cities to deliver sustainability and climate-change goals, increasing to 1.39 billion units in 2020, representing 20% of all smart-city connected things in use. In 2017, use cases in smart commercial buildings and transportation will be the main contributors, representing 58% of all IoT installed-base in smart cities.

Intelligent Streetlights

Driven by the Ecodesign directive that stipulates EU members phase out their incandescent streetlights by the end of 2016, Gartner analysts expect that those sustainability targets will also have a positive investment and innovation impact, especially for the industrial sectors located in urban corridors.

Cities will become the environmental centres of excellence for new technology development, offering a stress test environment for the industryTratz-Ryan

“The advantages for cities will be profound. They will not only meet their mandated targets of the Horizon 2020 goals, but also develop greener and more inclusive city conditions that citizens can acknowledge as KPIs.” said Tratz-Ryan.

BMS Can Reduce Energy Consumption by 50%

In parallel, the EU Energy Efficiency Directive means public buildings and private real estate will have to reduce their energy consumption by 3% every year. Today, heating, cooling and lighting are responsible for approximately 60% of a building’s energy consumption.

“Implementing an integrated business management system (BMS) for lighting and climate can reduce energy consumption by 50%,” said Tratz-Ryan. “This is a significant contribution to the commitments of cities to reduce their footprint of GHG.”

Companies that implement a smart LED’s lighting system could realise 60-70% savings. By integrating the HVAC system with occupancy and building utilisation, savings close to 50% can be achieved.